Policy Papers

Ontario 360, housed at the Munk School of Global Affairs & Public Policy, supports research and analysis on a wide range of public policy issues related to Ontario’s competitiveness and prosperity. Its policy papers set out rigorous analysis and concrete recommendations to inform and shape the Ontario government’s policy agenda.

May 3, 2022

ON360 Transition Briefings 2022 – Ontario Needs a Broader and More Coordinated Approach to Innovation Policy

Higher levels of innovative activity drive growth in productivity. In particular, productivity growth is linked with higher pay and increased living standards for Ontarians. Yet productivity growth in Ontario has fallen steeply over recent decades, amidst a wider productivity slowdown across most advanced economies. There are three approaches that Ontario’s next government should take to boost the province’s innovative performance with these challenges in mind.

April 8, 2022

ON360 Transition Briefings 2022 – Investing in Housing First: an evidence-based intervention to end chronic homelessness in Ontario

Homelessness is the other end of Ontario’s housing crisis. Chronic homelessness results in substantial societal costs and puts pressure on multiple provincially funded services, including the health, justice, and social service sectors Drs. Ecker and Hwang propose policy changes that will provide immediate benefits by dramatically reducing chronic homelessness in communities across Ontario.

April 6, 2022

ON360 Transition Briefings 2022 – Recent trends and long-term challenges in Ontario’s labour market

COVID-19 has had a substantial, unequal, and sustained impact on the Ontario labour market. As the province rebuilds, it is important both for economic and equity reasons that those who suffered most during COVID-19 are brought back into the labour force and employment. The Province can leverage tools, such as immigration policy and re-skilling of displaced workers, to ensure a robust labour force for strong and sustainable growth.

March 9, 2022

Ontario 360 Transition Briefings 2022 – The Future Of Work

The effects of automation, the gig economy and job polarization are already being felt by the average Ontarian. To protect workers, now and in the future, Ontario needs to embrace these changes, while supporting workers during this time of unprecedented change.

February 15, 2022

Surge Capacity: How To Address Ontario’s Medical Backlog

The COVID-19 pandemic has produced a massive backlog of surgical procedures and diagnostic tests in Ontario, which many observers are describing as the “crisis behind the crisis." Surge Capacity examines options for alleviating this backlog.

October 21, 2021

How to Improve Ontario Energy Forecasting

This report examines ideas raised by a virtual roundtable of energy experts, providing a deeper analysis of how the Ontario government and the Independent Electricity System Operator make use of energy forecasting in their decision-making; and what insights can be learned from other sectors, models and jurisdictions.

October 6, 2021

How Ontario’s Mid-Sized Cities Can Thrive: A Toolkit for Economic Development

This paper examines an “regeneration toolkit” for an economic development strategy regarding mid-sized cities, and applies it’s lessons to four Ontario cities that have experienced the economic and social consequences of de-industrialization in recent decades.

June 7, 2021

Made in Ontario: A Provincial Manufacturing Strategy

This paper explores why manufacturing matters greatly for Ontario and outlines steps on how the province should engage supportive policies and partnerships to ensure Ontario remains Canada's manufacturing hub.

May 13, 2021

How to End Streaming in Ontario Schools

In this paper, Tianna Follwell and Sam Andrey show how streaming has harmful and disadvantageous consequences for both individual students and education systems more broadly.

April 20, 2021

Transit-Oriented Communities: Why We Need Them And How We Can Make Them Happen

This paper, co-authored by University of Toronto professors Matti Siemiatycki and Drew Fagan, outlines the complex planning context regarding transit-oriented communities, including the Ontario government’s recently passed Transit-Oriented Communities Act.

January 26, 2021

A Post-Pandemic Growth Strategy For Canada

Sean Speer, Drew Fagan and Luka Glozic examine current economic planning efforts by Canadian policymakers, how they compare to other jurisdictions, and how best to plan for the post pandemic future.

December 17, 2020

A Lifelong Learning Strategy for Ontario

André Côté, Alexi White and Michael Cuenco explore the need for Ontario's Higher Education system to move beyond traditional programs and models.

October 23, 2020

Navigating Uncertainty in Ontario’s Budget

Sean Speer, Drew Fagan and Michael Cuenco outline best practices for budgeting in crisis, offering advice and insight for policymakers charged with planning the next Ontario budget, due in November.

May 13, 2020

A Long-Term Economic Recovery Agenda for Ontario

Ontario has been severely disrupted by the COVID-19 crisis, and with it has come a severe disruption of the province’s public policy priorities. The transition from economic stabilization to economic renewal will be highly challenging.

November 13, 2019

Opportunity Zones: An Opportunity for Ontario

Lorenzo Gonzalez and Sean Speer outline how economic growth and dynamism have not been evenly distributed across the province, especially when rural and urban areas are compared.

October 15, 2018

Economic Competitiveness

Paul Boothe and Alister Smith on improving Ontario's economic competitiveness

April 26, 2018

Post-Secondary Access

Jennifer Robson on Better Life Chances for Ontario's Children

April 18, 2018

Climate Policy

Trevor Tombe on an Evidence-Based Climate Policy for Ontario

April 11, 2018

Fiscal Policy

Livio Di Matteo on Restoring Ontario’s Long-term Fiscal Sustainability